Patient Care Management

 Patient Care Management is a set of activities and procedures put in place to help improve patient care and reduce the need for medical services. These procedures and the set of activities help patients and caregivers effectively and efficiently manage complex health conditions. Patient care management is especially needed for patients with complex health issues as they account for a high percentage of annual medical expenditure. Patient care management is an important topic that’s constantly discussed in the healthcare industry Health organizations and health practitioners constantly seek cost-effective ways to carry out patient care management while simultaneously improving the quality of care and patient satisfaction.

Chronic Disease Management

Patient Care ManagementA chronic disease or medical conditions is a condition that has been present in a patient for more than six months. Examples of chronic conditions are cancer, asthma, diabetes, stroke, cardiovascular conditions etc. Chronic disease management is a form of patient care management designed to manage the patients with chronic conditions who require a structured approach and ongoing care. Some of these conditions require multidisciplinary and team-based care and Chronic disease management enables hospital practitioners and caregivers to plan and coordinate the care of these patients effectively

Patient Care Team

A Patient care team is usually required in patient care management especially for chronic disease management as mentioned above. A patient care team is a group of physicians and caregivers from diverse fields who communicate with each other regularly about the care of a group of patients who are receiving care from them under a patient care management program. A With a layman’s knowledge of how a hospital works, it’s common to start to wonder if all the staff in a hospital or health facility are part of a care team such as the receptionist, nurse, lab technician etc.

That is not always the case. For a group of health care practitioners to constitute a patient care team, they would have to have explicitly defined roles and meet regularly about patient care. These teams usually cross practice and organizational boundaries for example general surgery practitioners and neurosurgery. This cross-disciplinary care teams sometimes could experience communication nightmares, power struggle or disagreement in decision making. Also in a patient care team, there are nonmedical staff members that perform supplementary functions.

Some of these functions are paperwork, logistics, giving injections, taking patient blood pressure, lab work, nursing care, MRI scans, patient counseling, etc. These functions could be performed by doctors but that would be inefficient as it takes away time from performing the other complex functions that require a high skill level.

Patient Care Management

Effective patient care teams always exploit the varied skill set and skill levels of team members. For example in chronic disease management, the most successful interventions entail the delegation of responsibility among team members.

Diagnostic Tests

A diagnostic test is a procedure that is done to confirm the presence of a disease in a patient and/or determine the type of disease. A diagnostic test is usually done following the report of symptoms by the patient or following the inconclusive results of previous tests. A health assessment is a plan of care that identifies the specific needs of a patient and how those needs will be addressed by the healthcare system or healthcare facility. Health assessment is done by evaluating the health status of an individual by performing a physical exam after taking a health history. When a patient is already showing symptoms of a problem, then it is no longer a health assessment but a Diagnostic test.